The 15th Congress of the International Association of Teachers of Russian Language and Literature “Russian Language and Literature in a Changing World” began on September 13 in St. Petersburg. Prominent Russian philologists from all over the world took part in the world congress. The objectives of the event and its importance for the promotion of the Russian language abroad were discussed at a press conference at the TASS agency by the chairman of the congress program committee, the adviser to the president of the Russian Federation, the president of MAPRYAL and ROPRYAL, the chairman of the supervisory committee. board of directors of the Russkiy Mir Foundation Vladimir Tolstoy, co-chairman of the congress program committee, rector of St. Petersburg State University, member of the presidium of the Russian Language Council under the President of the Russian Federation , co-chairman of the Russian Language Council under the Government of the Russian Federation, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Nikolai Kropachev and president of the Leo Tolstoy Institute of Colombia Ruben Dario Flores Arcila.
The XV Congress of MAPRYAL is the largest event in the life of world Russian studies, attended by about 600 delegates from 63 countries of the world: specialists in the field of scientific description and teaching of language, literature, of Russian theory and practice. translation, lexicography and other aspects. During the congress, 418 reports will be presented, which will present a whole range of international studies on Russian studies – from teaching methods to translations of literary texts and analysis of phraseological units.
As noted by the President of MAPRYAL and the Association of Teachers of Russian Language and Literature, Chairman of the Supervisory Board of the Russkiy Mir Foundation Vladimir Tolstoy, MAPRYAL today has 130 collective and 65 individual participants, and one Interest in the study of the Russian language and Russian literature is only growing around the world.
“This year, new colleagues from Argentina, Venezuela, Qatar, Kenya, Nigeria, Lebanon, Peru, Senegal, Tanzania, Ecuador, as well as our old friends from the CIS countries, from Asia, the Balkan region, Eastern and Western European countries. joins the work of the congress. We are grateful to St. Petersburg State University for its active participation in organizing the congress,” Vladimir Tolstoy said at a press conference.
The 15th Congress is being held in Russia for the first time in 20 years and St. Petersburg becomes its capital for the second time in the history of the event. In 2003, it was held in St. Petersburg on the initiative of the prominent Russian scholar, rector and president of St. Petersburg State University Lyudmila Alekseevna Verbitskaya, author of more than 300 scientific and educational works in the field of Russian and general linguistics, phonetics, phonology and methods of teaching the Russian language, as well as the important project “Let’s speak correctly! As part of the “zero” day of the congress, a sculptural portrait of Lyudmila Alekseevna Verbitskaya was unveiled at St. Petersburg State University, which will host philologists and linguists every day.
Today, St. Petersburg University pays great attention to the study of the Russian language and its promotion abroad. The University has 112 Russian language centers, represented in 50 countries. In 2023, St. Petersburg University opened Russian language centers in Indonesia, Malaysia, South Africa, Kenya, Algeria and Paraguay.
“SPbU has traditionally become the most popular university in Russia among foreign applicants. Citizens from 105 countries come to study at the University; the competition between foreign students is 21 people per place. Young people come to St. Petersburg University to learn Russian and study in Russian. St. Petersburg University also teaches more than 100 world languages, including rare languages spoken in two or three countries. We teach our students not only foreign languages, but also culture, history, economics and law in these languages, because language does not exist separately from other areas of human life. I believe that today the Russian language is so popular and strong, partly because our country is open to all languages of the world. And it will always be like this,” said Nikolai Kropachev.
As noted by the participants of the press conference, the rules for using the Russian language as the official language of the Russian Federation today require special attention. Rector of St. Petersburg State University and corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Nikolai Kropachev noted that the changes made in the name of Russian President Vladimir Putin to the law on state language established new requirements to consolidate the standards of the Russian language, which must be respected in areas where the use of the official language is obligatory. These standards must now be included in normative dictionaries, reference works and grammars, the list of which will be approved by the Government. The normative dictionary should also define foreign words that have no analogues in the Russian language and therefore can be used in the areas of official language use.
Ruben Dario Flores Arcila, associate professor at the National University of Bogota and president of the Leo Tolstoy Institute, spoke about the motivation of foreign students to learn Russian. In Colombia, Russian has been taught since 1944, when the Institute of Friendship with the USSR was created. According to him, the first foreign articles devoted to the study of the work of the Russian writer Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy were written in Colombia and Cuba.
“I am convinced that Russian literature and the Russian language are special cultural codes that help foreigners understand the identity of Russia and better recognize the culture of this unique country,” said Ruben Dario Flores Arcila.
Within the framework of the events of the XV MAPRYAL Congress, experts will be interested in methods of teaching Russian as a foreign language, various aspects of translating the works of Russian writers and poets into different languages of the world, will discuss issues reflection on cultural changes. in language, and much more.
According to the director of the MAPRYAL secretariat, Alexander Korotyshev, the list of participants and the topics of the reports indicate that in order to competently teach and study the Russian language, one needs to know a lot about the culture and history of the country. “Modern methods of teaching the Russian language strive to accurately convey linguistic facts and are literally “adapted” to the cultural and linguistic characteristics of different national audiences. The number of delegates to the congress suggests that interest in the Russian language continues to grow in almost all regions of the world,” added Alexander Korotyshev.
It should be noted that from September 1, 2023, on the basis of St. Petersburg University, with the support of the Government of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation, the online school of St. Petersburg State University started it’s work. A unique educational project allows schoolchildren from different countries to undergo training in Russian according to an approved educational program for grades 5-11 and receive a standard certificate. As the rector of St. Petersburg State University Nikolai Kropachev emphasized, the project showed in the first year of its existence that studies in Russian are important in different parts of the world: the University received applications from schoolchildren from 44 countries.
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The XV Congress of MAPRYAL was organized by the International Association of Teachers of Russian Language and Literature in collaboration with St. Petersburg State University with the support of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation and the Russkiy Mir Foundation.
The first MAPRYAL congress was held in 1969 in the USSR and since then it has traditionally been held once every five years in different cities around the world. Since 1969, MAPRYAL congresses have been hosted in Moscow, Varna, Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Budapest, Regensburg, Bratislava, Saint Petersburg, Shanghai, Granada, Astana.